Varicose Vein Treatments: What You Need to Know

Varicose Vein Treatments: What You Need to Know

Varicose Vein by Premier Derm Center in Houston tx

Varicose veins affect more than just aesthetics. These twisted, swollen veins can be uncomfortable and indicate underlying vascular problems. They frequently appear in the legs, especially following extended durations of sitting or standing. Varicose veins develop as a result of several circumstances. Although altering one’s lifestyle and using natural therapies can help with some symptoms, varicose veins cannot be completely cured. Thankfully, there are a number of efficient medical interventions available to treat this illness.

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins visible just under the skin, typically appearing in the legs. They are brought on by malfunctioning or broken vein valves, which expand the veins and create abnormal blood flow.

Appearance and Symptoms

Varicose veins are often blue or dark purple and can appear bulging or twisted. Common symptoms include:

  • Visible bulging veins
  • Aching or heaviness in the legs
  • Swelling, especially around the ankles
  • Itching or burning sensations over the affected veins
  • Muscle cramps, particularly at night
  • Skin changes such as discoloration or inflammation near the veins
  • In severe cases, ulcers may form around the ankles​.

Risk Factors

Several factors can increase the likelihood of developing varicose veins:

  • Age: Vein walls and valves naturally weaken over time.
  • Gender: Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, or from birth control pills can contribute.
  • Genetics: A family history of varicose veins or chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).
  • Obesity: Excess weight puts additional pressure on the veins.
  • Prolonged Standing or Sitting: Jobs or activities involving long standing or sitting periods can hinder blood flow.
  • Pregnancy: Increased blood volume and pressure on veins during pregnancy.
  • Lack of Physical Activity: Sedentary lifestyles weaken leg muscles and impair blood circulation.
  • Smoking: Negatively impacts blood flow and vein health.
  • Previous DVT: History of deep vein thrombosis can damage veins and valves​​.


Diagnosing varicose veins typically involves a physical examination where a healthcare professional checks for visible veins while you stand. They may also ask about symptoms and risk factors. An ultrasound may sometimes be used to see how blood flows through your veins​.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies

Managing varicose veins can often start with simple lifestyle changes and home remedies. While these methods cannot eliminate existing varicose veins, they can significantly improve comfort and overall vein health.

Regular Exercise

Engaging in regular physical activity, especially low-impact exercises like walking or swimming, helps improve blood circulation in the legs. Exercise strengthens the calf muscles, which act as pumps to assist veins in moving blood back to the heart.

Weight Management

Keeping your weight in check eases the strain on your veins. Being overweight can put added strain on the veins in the legs, which can hinder blood flow.

Dietary Changes

  • Low-Salt Diet: Adopting a low-salt diet can help prevent swelling caused by water retention.
  • High-Fiber Diet: Eating a high-fiber diet can prevent constipation, indirectly reducing pressure on the lower body’s veins​​.

Proper Footwear and Clothing

  • Footwear: Avoiding high heels and opting for low-heeled shoes helps work the calf muscles more, which is beneficial for veins.
  • Clothing: Avoiding tight clothing around the waist, legs, and groin can promote better blood flow.

Leg Elevation

Taking breaks throughout the day to elevate your legs above heart level can improve circulation. You can do this by lying down and propping your legs up on pillows​.

Changing Positions Frequently

Avoiding long periods of standing or sitting can help prevent blood from pooling in the legs. Regularly changing positions and moving around can encourage better blood flow​​.

Compression Stockings

Wearing compression stockings provides gentle pressure on the legs, helping veins and leg muscles move blood more efficiently. Different compression levels are available, from over-the-counter support to prescription-strength options that may require fitting by a healthcare professional​​.

These lifestyle and home remedies can effectively manage the symptoms of varicose veins and improve overall vein health. However, they are best used in conjunction with medical treatments for more severe cases.

Medical Treatments for Varicose Veins

Medical treatments for varicose veins aim to reduce symptoms, prevent complications, and improve the appearance of affected veins. Here are some of the most common and effective medical treatments available:


Sclerotherapy is one of the most widely used treatments for varicose veins and spider veins. A healthcare professional injects a sclerosant solution directly into the affected veins during this procedure. Because of the irritation caused by this solution, the vein walls stick to one another and finally collapse. The collapsed vein is then absorbed by the body over time, resulting in the disappearance of the varicose vein.

  • Procedure Details: Sclerotherapy is typically performed in a doctor’s office without the need for anesthesia. The amount of varicose veins and their size determine how many injections and therapy sessions are needed.
  • Recovery: Patients can usually resume normal activities immediately but are often advised to wear compression stockings for several weeks to aid healing and prevent recurrence.

Gmax Laser Treatment

Gmax laser treatment utilizes high-energy light pulses to target and diminish varicose veins. The laser energy causes the vein to heat up and collapse, similar to the mechanism in sclerotherapy. Spider veins and smaller varicose veins respond best to this treatment.

  • Procedure Details: The laser is applied to the skin surface above the varicose vein, making it a non-invasive procedure. It can take several sessions to get the best effects.
  • Recovery: There is minimal downtime, with most patients resuming normal activities immediately. Some temporary redness or swelling at the treatment site is common​.

Combining Sclerotherapy and Gmax Laser Treatment

Patients can achieve a more comprehensive reduction in varicose veins by using both treatments together. The combined approach allows for targeted treatment of different sizes and types of veins, maximizing the overall effectiveness and improving cosmetic outcomes.


Are you sick of putting up with the pain and unattractive look of varicose veins? Premier Derm Center provides cutting-edge procedures like Gmax Laser Treatment and Sclerotherapy to target and reduce varicose veins efficiently. Our team gives you individualized care so you can have legs that are more comfortable and healthy.

Varicose veins shouldn’t limit you any longer. Contact Premier Derm Center right now to arrange an assessment and learn which treatments would be most beneficial for you. With our cutting-edge vein treatments, take the first step toward smoother, pain-free legs. 

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